Tips and notices for caring and breeding Betta fish Part 1: How to avoid betta dystocia – the importance of oxygen-rich environment

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Hatching baby fishes from your own betta is a great achievement for betta lovers. Breeding in not an easy thing. As the owner, you need to provide an appropriate environment for the brood fish.

We have heard of a case. It’s a sad case. The female and the male mate for two days, there is only few eggs released. The female suddenly died in the third day morning. What a pity!

Continue reading Tips and notices for caring and breeding Betta fish Part 1: How to avoid betta dystocia – the importance of oxygen-rich environment

One wild fighting fish species that is becoming more and more rare, Betta livida

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Betta livida is one specie of wild betta, the only one habitat in the world is the blackwater swamps near Selangor, west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It was listed on IUCN Red List in 1994 and assessed as Endangered. Recent years, the large-scale urbanization seriously ruined the ecological environment, this wild betta is becoming more and more rare.

The burgundy body shines green metal gloss, the emerald texture embellishes fins, the metal green marking just like its identity symbol.

Betta livida like clean blackwater, they need acidic and soft water. It is very important that control the water quality when keep Betta livida in aquarium tank. You need to add moderate humic acid and other dirt bed.

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Tips for caring Betta fish

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Betta imbellis,
photo by Kobayashi Michinobu

How to choose a well-growth Betta fish?

In your local tropical fish store, you will find different kinds of colorful male Betta fish. How to pick the healthy and well-growth one? There is a simple trick. Move the Betta fish bottles to be close to each other, the Bettas will do something to try to scare others. It is better that pick the ones who expand all fins.

What kinds of baits to feed Betta fish?

Bettas like live baits and frozen bloodworms. They also can adapt a few flake baits.

What Kind of Water for Betta Fish?

Weak acid (pH between 6.5 to 7) and soft water will meet Bettas’ need. Bettas have strong adaptability to water quality, but don’t change the water quality suddenly. Although Bettas are not very sensitive to deterioration of water quality, it still is important to keep the water in good condition. They don’t like too strong water flow, so, using air pump to drive a sponge filter is a better choice.

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Tips for caring Platy fish

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Feature image photo by Kobayashi Michinobu

Platy fish, binomial name is Xiphophorus maculatus, is a species of freshwater fish in family Poeciliidae of order Cyprinodontiformes. It is also called moon fish in Asia. The same as guppy fish, platy is livebearer. The females lay juvenile fish directly instead of eggs. It’s easy to breed.

Blue Platy Fish, photo by Kobayashi Michinobu

Platies are small, exquisite, mild and colorful. They are the very good choices for the peaceful aquarium. Mix the platies and a few other species into a tank with dense water plants, you can image it, such a wonderful and fascinating water world.

Mickey Platy, photo by Kobayashi Michinobu

Water type

Platies like alkalescent hard water, pH 7 to 7.4, ºdH 9 to 10, water temperature between 71.6? to 78.8. It’s better that add some salt in freshwater, concentration is about 0.5% to 1%. They have good adaptability. You just need to progressively change the water type from weak acid water to neutral soft water to weak alkaline hard water. They will adapt the water gradually.

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Fish compatibility: Notices for mixing tropical fish together

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Many aquarium hobbyists love to care different species tropical fish in one tank. The tank will be more colorful and varied.

Different species have different habitus and adapt different environment. Some fish are aggressive, while some fish are friendly. Some fish like alkalescency water, while some fish like faintly acid water.

photo by Kobayashi Michinobu

Common problems you may occur

  1. Some species will keep bullying and chasing other fish. It may cause injury and easy to be infected.
  2. Some species are peaceful when they are juvenile, but as the fish growing, some species little by little disappear unconsciously. For example, angelfish and neon tetra coexist peacefully when they are juvenile. Usually, juvenile angelfish are about 5 to 7 cm long, they cannot swallow the neon tetra. But angelfish are omnivore, when they grow up, they will eat up the neon tetra without hesitation.
  3. Another problem is about reproduction. Some species may become aggressive in heat period, they will attack other fish to expand their territory. To protect your fish, you need to transfer the estrous fish to another tank.

For setting up a peaceful fish community tank, there are some rules and notices.

  1. Keep the fish in similar size, prevent small fish from being eaten by big fish.
  2. Don’t mix the fish that adapt different water type. Such as Lake Malawi blue cichlids and South America cichlids.
  3. Try to mix the mild species. Such as South America tetra and ratfish.
  4. Independently breed the species that like to eat other fish’s fin. Such as green puffer.
  5. Breed alone species that like infighting. For example, Siamese fighting fish, especially male fish like to fight with each other. But this is not harmful to other species.

Some tips (should know) for Killifish keeping

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Killifish are origin from sub-tropical and tropical area (except for Australia). Known for their vivid color and exquisite pattern, Killifish have more than 1000 species all over the world. Believe that before reading this article, you have been fascinated by their beauty.

But Killifish’s life span is so short, most species can be alive only around one year, some species have longer life span – 2 to 3 years only. Some people think that keeping Killifish is frustrating. But I think that’s because they didn’t have taste of the beauty and the sense of achievement of it. You will accompany them all their whole life cycle, from egg to a new egg.

Is it difficult to care Killifish?

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